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Lighting could also be used in ensuring the safety of both motorists and pedestrians. Hence, the government agency who is responsible for street and public lighting must properly plan where these lighting fixtures should be located and which type of lighting are to be used to serve its purpose of illuminating and keeping all road users safe.
In terms of public illumination, a street lamp or light is an elevated light source which is frequently affixed on a pole or column and placed either on the edge of the road, in the middle, or hanged on a line over the road to give illumination.
Public and street lighting could give safety advantages at intersection and midblock locations as well as heighten the pedestrians’ safety, mainly at crossing points.
The setting up of midblock street illumination improves safety by turning road features like footpaths, road alignment, curbs, street fixtures, surface condition, as well as other objects on the road and road users visible and perceptible to both vehicular traffic and pedestrians. Locations that gain from midblock lighting comprise service roads, weave, diverge and merge areas, areas with great levels of background illumination or high traffic volumes at nigh time.
Putting street lighting at locations where intersections are present could lessen vehicular accidents at night time by means of making the features of the intersection perceptible to both motorists and pedestrians. Putting lights at intersections could also help in direction-finding and aid motorists to clearly see the intersection, turning automobiles, traffic queues as well as any other users of the road. Lighting must at all times be present at roundabouts and signalized intersections. At least a single lighting fixture is recommended to be placed on each side of the roads that intersect to help approaching traffic coming from the side roads to easily spot the intersection.
Making better the illumination at pedestrian lanes will aid in making the crossing as well as pedestrian using the crossing lane perceptible to motorists who are approaching. Street illumination at pedestrian crossing may as well help out pedestrians to find points for safe crossing and to spot possible hazards at night. This proper illumination has shown to diminish pedestrian crashes and enhanced lighting could also aid in deterring street crime.